Infused with special powers and mystery, raven meaning has entranced people from all over the world for centuries. Ravens exist for themselves. They are not here for us, yet they have much to teach us. Like their close cousin the crow, ravens are deeply intelligent beings. When the raven is your spirit guide, you are blessed with the capacity for powerful insights. If you are fascinated with ravens, by all means explore that sense of wonder. Raven symbolism and folklore can help to guide you on your soul’s journey.
Your interest in ravens is a sign of an elevated level of consciousness because it shows that you are in tune with the interconnectedness of life on Earth. Ravens have co-existed with humans for thousands of years, thus they are subjects of folklore and legends in many cultures.
Here are some of the meanings that cultures around the world apply to ravens:
Intelligence and Cunning
Survival and Adaptability
Partnerships and Guidance
Transformation and Opportunity
Third Eye, Prophecy, and Insights
Difference Between Ravens and Crows
In some ancient stories, it’s difficult to determine whether the story is depicting ravens or crows, or simply a common ancestor of both species. Both birds are from a family of birds called Corvidae, or corvids. This family also includes magpies, jays, rooks, jackdaws, nutcrackers, treepies, and choughs. However, even though ravens and crows look a lot alike, there are some differences between the two types of birds.
One of the main differences is that ravens are generally larger than crows. In addition, ravens tend to hang out in pairs, sticking with their mate. While crows prefer to congregate in large groups. However, whether they spend time with large groups of birds or a significant other, ravens and crows are both monogamous and believed to mate for life.
Tail Feathers and Sounds
Another key difference between ravens and crows is the shape of their tail feathers. Ravens have longer middle tail feathers, while crows’ are all the same length. So, if you see the two birds in flight, the raven’s feathers will look like a pointed wedge, while the crows’ look more like a fan.
Ravens and crows also sound different. Ravens make a deep croaking sound, while crows make a cawing sound.
Raven Spirit Animal
The raven spirit animal can be a helpful guide as you navigate your life journey. According to Native American traditions, you don’t necessarily choose your spirit animals; instead, they choose you. And you can have more than one spirit animal. For Native Americans, a spirit animal will choose you when you are on a vision quest or in another powerful experience that affects the course or your life and your soul’s journey.
If a raven captures your attention, whether in real life or through art, the media, or elsewhere – take note. There are no coincidences. Your spirit animal serves as a guide, bringing you messages from the Universe to help guide you on your life path and your soul’s journey as you seek enlightenment.
How do you know if the raven is your spirit animal?
You might already sense that the raven is one of your spirit animals. If that’s the case, you may learn some new things in this post that give your deeper insights. There is always more we can learn from these wise beings. And if you’re still wondering, consider the questions below and read more about ravens in this post. Hopefully you will have some aha moments! If you’re curious about other animals who might be your spirit guides, you can take the spirit animal test on UniGuide, or read more in UniGuide’s spirit animal guide.
Questions to consider:
- Were you especially interested in ravens as child?
- Has a raven made himself or herself known to you, whether by croaking at you from a perch, hopping nearby, or by flying directly in front of you? Or, one may have riveted your attention in art, the media, on a piece of jewelry, or in some other way.
- Do you feel a connection to ravens, and is your interest piqued when you see them or hear about them?
- Has a raven or ravens entered your dreams?
- Are there stories or movies with ravens that had a strong impact on you and stayed with you?
- Have your friends or family ever described you as insightful or even psychic?
- Do you prefer spending one-on-one time with your significant other or best friend vs. going to parties or places with large groups?
If you answered yes to a few or even all of these questions, you are likely a raven person, so read on!
Ravens Meanings and Symbolism
Here are some meanings and symbols that are applied to ravens and what they could mean in your life.
Intelligence and Cunning
Ravens’ brains are among the largest of any bird species, and they possess an extraordinary number of brain cells compared to other birds. In fact, ravens, along with their cousins the crows, are considered to be among the most intelligent animals on the planet, on par with wolves, coyotes, and primates.
The biologist Bernd Heinrich and linguist Derek Bickerton theorize that ravens are one of only four animals, which includes humans, bees, and ants, that demonstrate the capacity to communicate about objects and events that are distant in space or time. For example, when a raven will leave his roost and finds a food source, he will return and tell his mate about his find, and both will return to the place to eat.
Like chimpanzees, ravens have also been shown to create and manipulate tools, thus are sometimes described as “inventors” by animal behaviorists. For example, in one study, food was tied to the end of a string, which was tied to a perch. In order to access the food, the raven had to figure out how to pull up the string without it dropping when he grabbed the food with his beak. So, the raven figured out how pull the string up in bits at a time, then stand on the string after each section was pulled, until the string was short enough that she could access the food.
Ravens are also known to be quite cunning. In fact, they are opportunists. Young ravens are especially curious and they’re attracted to shiny objects. Like dogs who love to play chase when one who has a toy, ravens like to collect shiny objects. Some biologists believe this is to show off to other ravens. The birds will also hoard objects in a cache.
By the same token, ravens like to steal from each other. They are known to bury food they don’t eat, so other ravens don’t take it. However, the sneaky birds are not above stealing other ravens’ buried treasures. Thus, ravens will also pretend to bury food in one spot, and then sneak away and bury it somewhere else.
Use your wits.
When the raven is one of your spirit animals, you are called upon to rely on your wits in a given situation or when you are faced with a challenge. Often in life, we can go on automatic pilot, accepting things the way they are, or thinking we don’t have the capacity to make a change. The raven spirit tells you that with innovation and creative thinking, you can influence outcomes. Even if you feel emotional about a situation, remember to rely on the gift of your intellect to solve your problems.
The raven spirit also reminds you to protect your ideas and intellectual property, whatever format it takes. Whether it’s your creativity, your work product, or even your aspirations, you have not obligation to share them! You are entitled to protect your cache of dreams and ideas for until a time you’re ready to share them with the world.
Survival and Adaptability
Ravens exist in a wide range of habitats, from the tundra above the Arctic Circle to the hot dry deserts of the American Southwest. They also live in forests, mountains, on the coast, and in the urban jungle.
These special birds have shown an uncanny ability to adapt, survive, and even thrive in a wide range of conditions. In a world where so many species have died our or are endangered, ravens, like raccoons and coyotes, have managed to thrive in our human-dominated world.
Ravens are quite agile flyers as well. They can perform complex aerobatics in the air, including rolling, tucking their wings and diving, and playing with objects by throwing them into the air then swooping down the catch them.
When the raven is your spirit animal, you should have the confidence that you can handle whatever life throws your way. Even if it’s a painful or simply not ideal situation, by being agile and using your wits, you can survive and push through any situation to better days ahead.
Be open to new experiences.
The raven also reminds you to be open to new experiences and to not fear change. One of the reasons that ravens are so enduring is that, like crows, they are omnivores. They will eat anything, from carrion to other birds and their eggs, to human food, trash, frogs, insects, fruits, vegetables, and more.
The raven spirit animal teaches you that every experience you have, whether good or bad, can be used to empower yourself and create a better future. No one enjoys terrible experiences, whether heartbreaking, abusive, or disappointing. But it’s up to you to decide if those experiences will poison you or be used to nurture your growth. The raven says that you can find nourishment in every situation and use any challenge to evolve to become the person you want to be.
Partnerships and Guidance
Unlike crows, ravens do not generally congregate in large groups with other ravens, except when they are juveniles seeking a mate. In general, they spend most of their time with their mate, as ravens are monogamous and mate for life.
A pair of ravens will work together to set up their nest and raise their young until they’re ready to go off on their own. Ravens also interact with other species in symbiotic relationships.
For example, ravens will alert wolves and coyotes if they see a carcass of another dead animal. When the canines tear open the carcass, it makes it easier for the ravens to access the meat. (Similarly, as you’ll see in the section on ravens in Native American culture below, ravens also helped people to hunt in the same way by alerting them to herds of bison and elk.)
For these reasons, ravens are symbols of partnership. This could be a romantic partnership or some other collaboration, such as a creative or business partnership. The raven spirit tells you to seek out partners who complement you, creating a 1 + 1 = 3 scenario. Ravens understand the concept of reciprocity, or give and take.
If you are very single and feel like you are missing your soul mate, the raven can be a good luck symbol. It never hurts to pray and ask your spirit guides or your Higher Power to help you find your soul mate!
Transformation and Opportunity
In folklore throughout the world, ravens are seen as symbols of change, as well as opportunity. They are also seen as intermediaries between the material and spirit worlds. Because they eat carrion, ravens have long been associated with death, which is understandable that many find scary. However, on a spiritual level, death is not an end but a transformation to another state of existence and consciousness.
The following video is not about ravens, however, I wanted to include it here because it addresses this concept of death as transformation. The Buddhist monk Thich Nhat Hanh talks about this concept in a way that I found very comforting. This video is from Plum Village.
While death is one of the ultimate transformations in a soul’s journey to enlightenment, there are also smaller transformations that occur throughout one’s lifetime here on Earth.
When you consider the raven, think about your life and the areas that you want to transform and improve. This could be something small, like changing habit or something greater, such as your career or overcoming an addiction. The raven symbol can serve as a catalyst for positive change in your life.
Third Eye, Prophecy, and Insights
In the TV series Game of Thrones, ravens are central to the plot. In fact, the name of the main character Bran means “raven” in Welsh. Author George R. R. Martin is an expert on mythology, and in many cultural traditions, ravens were seen as sources of insights and knowledge.
The Three-Eyed Raven
The three-eyed raven is demonstrative of these birds having supernatural powers, including the gift of foresight. The Irish say that a person who possesses a “raven’s knowledge” has “the sight” or the gift of prophecy.
Edgar Alan Poe’s The Raven
In Edgar Alan Poe’s poem The Raven, which was inspired by yet another piece of literature – Charles Dickens’ Barnaby Rudge: A Tale of the Riots of Eighty, the raven is at first disturbing, but then gives new insights. Indeed, in both stories, the raven expands the main characters’ level of consciousness.
If the raven is your spirit animal, you have the gift of insights into situations where others may be in the dark. When you have this kind of heightened awareness, including psychic abilities, it’s imperative that you use these gifts to be a force for good in the world. Always ask God, or your Higher Power, to walk in their light, so you can use your gifts as a healing and loving force in the world.
Ravens in Ancient Cultures
There are roughly ten subspecies of ravens and they inhabit countries mainly in the Northern Hemisphere. Because of their wide range, stories and folklore with ravens can be found in many cultural traditions. Here are some raven meanings in some of these cultures.
Native American Raven Symbolism and Meanings
Each Native American tribe has their own set of creation stories and traditions. But one set of beliefs they all share is a reverence for animals and the natural world. Like crows, ravens were seen as powerful entities, even shapeshifters who could transition from animal to human and back.
In Native Americans legends, the raven was considered the wisest of birds, even possessing the ability to speak. This is an interesting parallel with stories from other cultures, such as Edgar Allen Poe’s The Raven, in which the bird also speaks.
For tribes in the Pacific Northwest, such as the Tlingit, Tahltan, and the Haida People, the raven was depicted as a smart trickster who protected good people and who could outsmart his enemies.
For the Tlingit People, there are numerous raven stories. Indeed, the raven is seen as a creator spirit, who is present for the creation of everything from daylight to fresh water to the oceans’ tides. For the Haida People, a tribe from the area that is now British Columbia, the raven was also a creator, as well as a healer and magician. In fact, the raven is seen as having brought the sun, moon, stars, fire, and fresh water to the world.
For the tribes of the American Southwest, including the Navajo, Hopi and Zuni, the raven is a sacred being in the Ghost Dance, which is a spiritual dance of protection and resistance against oppression that is shared by many tribes.
Just as they help wolves and coyotes find food, ravens helped Native American hunting parties to find bison and other animals. Thus, the raven was seen as a pathfinder. For the Sioux People, the raven was viewed as a savior who could lift ghost dancers up to heaven when the great flood came.
If you are interested in raven stories from the Indigenous People of Australia, please see my post on crow symbolism and meaning.
Ravens in Greek and Roman Mythology
In Greek mythology, ravens are associated with the god Apollo, who was also the god of prophecy. In the story of Coronis, who is Apollo’s lover, Coronis falls in love with a man named Ischys. So, Apollo sends his white raven to spy on Coronis. The raven notifies Apollo that Coronis is romantically involved with Ischys, which enrages Apollo. So, the sun god throws a fiery curse at Coronis, which happens to also singe the feathers of his raven, turning them to black.
Ravens as Omens
Ravens could also be seen as bad omens in both Greek and Roman mythology, as they were associated with death, just as they were in so many other cultures.
The ancient Romans used a divining method called augury, which interpreted omens by the behavior or birds. The term “augury” is loosely derived from Latin word “auspicium,” which means “one who looks at birds.” Thus, the Romans watched the behavior of ravens in order to tell the future.
Ravens in the Bible
Ravens (or crows) appear throughout the Bible. In fact, they are the first birds mentioned in the Book of Genesis. In the story of the Great Flood, Noah sends a raven to find dry land. The raven never returns; thus Noah knows that land has been discovered.
In the Book of Kings 17:4, God tells the prophet Elijah that the ravens will feed him: “You will drink from the brook, and I have directed the ravens to supply you with food there.”
And in the story of Cain and Abel, it is the raven who teaches Abel how to bury his brother Cain after he kills him.
Ravens in Celtic and English Folklore
Ravens figure prominently throughout ancient Celtic and English mythology. Brân the Blessed, or King Brân, is a character in Welsh mythology whose name means “raven.” (Notably, he shares his first name with Bran Stark, the character in Game of Thrones.)
According to ancient legend, Brân the Blessed was a fierce warrior who was beheaded. Legend has it that his head is buried beneath what is now the Tower of London, facing France. Brân’s head is thought to protect the city of London.
Today, ravens roost in the Tower of London and some believe that if the ravens leave, the city of London will be unprotected. In fact, ravens did leave the Tower of London during WWII and Winston Churchill made sure that some were put back in the Tower to allay Londoners’ concerns.
In the King Arthur legends, there is much mystery around how and where King Arthur died. One legend has it that he died at Avalon and was turned into a raven. And in the 13th century Welsh story The Dream of Rhonabwy, Rhonabwy dreams that King Arthur talks to him and there are references to ravens being used in battles.
Ravens and Celtic Gods and Goddesses
For the ancient Celts, ravens were also associated with battle. Undoubtedly because, as carrion-eating birds, ravens were present at many battle scenes. The Celtic goddess Morrigan, who was the goddess of war and death, is associated with ravens, and it is believed that they would assist her in defeating her warriors’ enemies.
The Scottish goddess Cailleach Bheure, is a goddess of rebirth and fertility who is also associated with ravens.
The Celtic god Lugh, who was a sun god and a master of artisans and skills, is associated with the Roman god Mercury. Lugh is also a god of war and often depicted in the company of ravens.
Ravens in Nordic Mythology
According to Nordic legends, the god Odin had two companions who were ravens, named Munnin and Hugi. These names translate to Memory and Thought in English. Munnin and Hugi served as Odin’s spies, bringing him news and information about happenings on Earth.
Ravens in Ancient Egypt
The ancient Egyptians revered their animal companions and in many Egyptian tombs, the mummies of animal companions are found with the mummies of their human companions. The Egyptian goddess Nepthys, who is the sister of Isis, was the goddess of the dead. Thus, like deities in so many other cultures, in ancient artwork, she is depicted with ravens.
Raven Meanings in Asian Cultures
The Three-Legged Raven
In Asian cultures, including Japan, China, and Korea, there are myths about a three-legged raven who is associated with the sun. This three-legged raven also symbolizes divine intervention in activities that take place on the Earthly plane.
Ravens in Tibet
In Tibet, ravens are considered auspicious birds and protectors or wisdom. In a Tibetan Buddhist story from the 15th century, a monk named Ngawang Drakpa travels to what is now the Gyalrong district of eastern Tibet.
Ngawang Drakpa plans to build a monastery there, but is unsure about where to place it. As he is scouting around, a raven (or crow) flies down and grabs his scarf. He follows the raven to a juniper tree, where the raven places the scarf on one of the branches. Thus, the monk saw this as an auspicious sign that this was the right place to build the monastery.
“Sorrow is not a raven perched persistently above a chamber door. Sorrow is a thing with teeth, and while in time it retreats, it comes back at the whisper of its name.”
– Dean Koontz
“Then the word of the Lord came to Elijah: ‘Leave here, turn eastward and hide in the Kerith Ravine, east of the Jordan. You will drink from the brook, and I have directed the ravens to supply you with food there.”
– 1 Kings 17:1-7
“Does wisdom perhaps appear on the earth as a raven which is inspired by the smell of carrion?”
– Friedrich Nietzsche
“Honestly, all crows are not ravens”
– Munia Khan
“Put a tray of cookies out and the ravens were like a bunch of eight-year-olds, not a clubhouse full of hard-ass bikers.”
– Laura Kaye, Ride Hard
“Censure acquits the raven, but pursues the dove.”
“Some battles are won with swords and spears, others with quills and ravens.”
– George R. R. Martin
Movies and TV Shows with Ravens
Ravens are depicted in a number of popular movies and TV shows, especially when magic is involved. Here are a few:
Game of Thrones
The Hobbit: The Battle of the Five Armies
Thor: The Dark World
Snow White and the Huntsman
The Painted Bird
Books About Ravens
Ravens have been depicted in literature for decades, and there are also some exceptional wildlife books about ravens. Here are a few:
Ravensong: A Natural And Fabulous History Of Ravens And Crows
By Catharine Feher-Elston
Mind of the Raven: Investigations and Adventures with Wolf-Birds
By Bernd Heinrich
Spirits of the Earth: A Guide to Native American Nature Symbols, Stories, and Ceremonies
By Bobby Lake-Thom
In the Company of Crows and Ravens
By John M. Marzluff (Author), Tony Angell (Author and Illustrator), and Paul Ehrlich (Foreword)
An Enchantment of Ravens
By Margaret Rogerson
Organizations that Protect Ravens
In the United States, ravens (and crows) are protected under the Migratory Bird Treaty Act. This means that you cannot legally kill, possess, sell, purchase, barter, transport, or export these birds, their parts, eggs, or nests, except under the terms of a valid Federal permit. Even though they are federally protected and are plentiful, like the vast majority of wild animals on our planet, ravens do face threats from human beings, toxins in the environment, and domestic animals, like dogs and cats. If you care about ravens and other birds, please help to protect them. Here are some organizations and resources that are doing so: